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Zeus of Wind

Post  AgathonZante on Tue Jun 16, 2015 12:59 pm

Would it be right to refer to Zeus as a sender of winds?

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Re: Zeus of Wind

Post  DavidMcCann on Tue Jun 16, 2015 2:13 pm

Looking at the epithets of Zeus, the nearest one gets is Zeus Maimaktos "Stormy Zeus", worshiped in winter by the Athenians. I suspect that's more to do with rain than wind.

The god of the wind is Aiolos and individual winds were also invoked:
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Parker (On Greek religion) wrote
One sacrificed or prayed to the winds to stop them blowing, or occasionally, in a military context, to cause them to blow destructively against an enemy. Or where they had contributed to a great military victory, one used them as a peg on which to hang a celebratory cult. When there was no need to calm the winds or raise them, one ignored them.
He could have added praying for wind at sea, of course. As an example of a celebratory cult, one could cite the Athenian festival of Boreas, commemorating the scattering of the Persian ships before Thermopylae.

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Re: Zeus of Wind

Post  AgathonZante on Wed Jun 17, 2015 2:27 am

I think one of Zeus' epithets is also Zeus Ourios, which means "Zeus Who Sends The Fair Winds."

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Re: Zeus of Wind

Post  AgathonZante on Wed Jun 17, 2015 2:30 am

Aiolos was also given the duty as Keeper of the Winds by Zeus. I would imagine that if Zeus can dictate who the winds obey, He must have domain over them.

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Re: Zeus of Wind

Post  DavidMcCann on Wed Jun 17, 2015 1:16 pm

The word ourios is derived from ouros "fair wind" and so means "with a fair wind" (of a voyage) and hence "prosperous". It can have the sense "favourable, propitious" which may be the meaning when applied to Zeus.

Of course, all Gods can intervene in anything, especially Zeus. I've just read of the island of Tenos, where the chief local God was Poseidon, and he was uniquely worshiped there as a healer!

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Re: Zeus of Wind

Post  AgathonZante on Wed Jun 17, 2015 3:41 pm

Of course, that's why I refer to Zeus as a sender of gentle winds (fair winds). I generally don't refer to Him as THE God of the Wind.

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Re: Zeus of Wind

Post  Callisto on Fri Jun 19, 2015 1:47 pm

AgathonZante wrote:Would it be right to refer to Zeus as a sender of winds?

Yes, and the four winds were the steeds of Zeus' chariot.

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