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Did The Greeks Combine Gods?

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Did The Greeks Combine Gods?

Post  AgathonZante on Sun Oct 12, 2014 10:15 am

In Egyptian religion, there are times when Gods are combined, like Bast-Mut for example. Did the Greeks do anything similar?
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Re: Did The Greeks Combine Gods?

Post  Erodius on Sun Oct 12, 2014 10:52 am

Yes, from the Hellenistic period onward, cults of certain popular deities were routinely united and combined with each other.

Probably the most clear example is the cult of Diana/Ἄρτεμις. She came to be equated with several other deities, notably Trivia/Ἑκάτη, the Moon, Eileithyia (goddess of childbirth), with Themis, and most widely and popularly, with Fortune/Τύχη. 

Along with Vesta/Ἑστία, Ceres/Δημήτηρ, and Iuno/Ἥρα, she (and most other popular goddesses) was occasionally (especially by extension of her identification with the widely popular goddess Fortune) identified with Rhea/Cybele.

Apollo was largely merged with the Sun (Sol/Ἥλιος), and identified as well with the Anatolian Mithras. Pluto, Bacchus, Adonis, and Faunus (and other terrestrial gods of life and abundance) were often identified with one another, and with Graeco-Egyptian Serapis.

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