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Did The Greeks Combine Gods?

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Did The Greeks Combine Gods?

Post  AgathonZante on Sun Oct 12, 2014 10:15 am

In Egyptian religion, there are times when Gods are combined, like Bast-Mut for example. Did the Greeks do anything similar?
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Re: Did The Greeks Combine Gods?

Post  Erodius on Sun Oct 12, 2014 10:52 am

Yes, from the Hellenistic period onward, cults of certain popular deities were routinely united and combined with each other.

Probably the most clear example is the cult of Diana/Ἄρτεμις. She came to be equated with several other deities, notably Trivia/Ἑκάτη, the Moon, Eileithyia (goddess of childbirth), with Themis, and most widely and popularly, with Fortune/Τύχη. 

Along with Vesta/Ἑστία, Ceres/Δημήτηρ, and Iuno/Ἥρα, she (and most other popular goddesses) was occasionally (especially by extension of her identification with the widely popular goddess Fortune) identified with Rhea/Cybele.

Apollo was largely merged with the Sun (Sol/Ἥλιος), and identified as well with the Anatolian Mithras. Pluto, Bacchus, Adonis, and Faunus (and other terrestrial gods of life and abundance) were often identified with one another, and with Graeco-Egyptian Serapis.

"O Best of Gods, blest daimon crown'd with fire . . . hear, and from punishment my soul absolve, the punishment incurr'd by pristine guilt, thro' Lethe's darkness and terrene desire: and if for long-extended years I'm doom'd in these drear realms Heav'n's exile to remain, O grant me soon the necessary means to gain that good which solitude confers on souls emerging from the bitter waves of fraudful Hyle's black, impetuous flood!"
-Iulianic Hymn to Apollon-Helios, ll. 65-106

"Having come for punishment, one must be punished. One must not pull apart the god within oneself."
-Iamblichus, Vita Pythagorica

"Truth would you teach, or save a sinking land,
All hear, none aid you, and few understand."
-Alexander Pope


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