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Shiva & Ganapati Aarti

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Shiva & Ganapati Aarti Empty Shiva & Ganapati Aarti

Post  Erodius on Thu Sep 12, 2013 1:04 pm

To Shiva, called also Rudra, which in Sanskrit mean 'Auspicious' and 'Roarer' — both of which in Greek (Εὔιος, and Βάκχος, respectively), and in Orphic religion, are titles of the Terrestrial Father, Zagreus Psychogonus, the ancestor of the later Theban Dionysus, and the origin of souls. In both cases, he wears the moon above his head (a symbol of living on the earth, with the moon above), and is clad in spotted animal skin (usually leopard, tiger or deer), and snakes wound about his head and body. In both cases, he is paradoxical, the greatest lover and reveler, but also the most severe and rigorous self-denying ascetic.

To Ganapati, called also Ganesha or Vakratunda, the child of Shiva and his wife Parvati, an earth goddess identifiable with Ceres, Cora, or perhaps Venus in this case, who, like the Terrestrial Mercury, the child of Bacchus and Venus, is depicted with an animals head (in this case, an elephant, while for Terrestrial Mercury either a dog or ram), who rules over prosperity, and, in both cases especially, the overturning of obstacles.

"O Best of Gods, blest daimon crown'd with fire . . . hear, and from punishment my soul absolve, the punishment incurr'd by pristine guilt, thro' Lethe's darkness and terrene desire: and if for long-extended years I'm doom'd in these drear realms Heav'n's exile to remain, O grant me soon the necessary means to gain that good which solitude confers on souls emerging from the bitter waves of fraudful Hyle's black, impetuous flood!"
-Iulianic Hymn to Apollon-Helios, ll. 65-106

"Having come for punishment, one must be punished. One must not pull apart the god within oneself."
-Iamblichus, Vita Pythagorica

"Truth would you teach, or save a sinking land,
All hear, none aid you, and few understand."
-Alexander Pope


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Shiva & Ganapati Aarti Empty Re: Shiva & Ganapati Aarti

Post  Out of Phlegethon on Thu Sep 12, 2013 3:26 pm

Shaivism is one of the most interesting sects within Hinduism.  There are many parallels between Shiva and Dionysus.  Alain Danielou has a book on the subject, though it lacks the strength in the Bacchic department that it brings in the Shaivist one.  An interesting note on Shiva's paradoxical nature and Hindu asceticism in general is that much of these ascetic practices came about via Hindus trying to do "out-do" reformed ascetic Buddhists by being just as even more ascetic than them.  It reminds me of the early quarrels between Neoplatonist philosophers and the Church Fathers, with allegations of lewdness by Christians against the "pagans" for their "crude" myths, etc.
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